REDUCE: Opportunities to substantially reduce our emissions

Climate change mitigation is action to reduce sources of greenhouse gases, or to enhance the removal of these gases from the atmosphere. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, global economic and population growth continue to be the most important drivers of increases in greenhouse gas emissions, particularly from fossil fuel combustion. Without additional efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions beyond those in place today, emissions growth is expected to persist.

Mitigation strategies can be put in place across a range of sectors including transport, building and infrastructure, electricity, agriculture and industry. National, state and local governments can establish effective polices to assist in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

Download the REDUCE consultation paper (PDF, 806KB)

Help shape South Australia's Climate Change Strategy by taking part in the discussion forum below. We want to know:

  • What are the opportunities for South Australia to substantially reduce our emissions?

Comments closed

19 Oct 2015

Thank you to everyone for getting involved in the 'reduce' discussion. This consultation has now closed.

Your feedback has been passed onto the Climate Change Team to consider in the development of the new Climate Change Strategy for SA, which is anticipated to be released by the end of the year.

To stay informed, sign up to the Climate Change E-Newsletter at www.environment.sa.gov.au/climatechange

Thanks again for getting involved - your input is appreciated.

Regards, the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Elinor Hurst

18 Oct 2015

We need to change attitudes towards public transport. Make it clear that this is where the government will be focussing its investment rather than roads (in the city), and make public transport reliable and convenient, with driving less so. Build light rail everywhere instead of just endlessly talking about it. Look to places like Perth to see how they did it - it is possible politically. Even if the government have to borrow money - it's worth it for the investment in the future.

One particular beef I have is that bus stops are not pleasant places to wait - largely unprotected from the weather and you can't relax while waiting for the bus because you need to hail it. How about planting a tree at every bus stop, for starters? Make them cool places to hang out - attractive, interesting and comfortable. Make all the bus stops smart stops. And improve the services already there, eg interleave services down the same road, don't run them at the same time (174/178 services, I'm looking at you). I know an engineer who'd be very happy to help with this.

paul sutton

13 Oct 2015

One of my favourite jokes is about a meeting of great minds trying to decide the greatest invention ever. The wheel is mentioned as are the printing press, written language, fire, the internal combustion engine, etc. The great minds cannot agree and decide to ask a man on the street: 'What is the greatest human invention ever? - The man on the street replies: 'The Thermos bottle.' The great minds are flummoxed. What is so great about a thermos bottle? Man on street replies - 'Put something hot in it - it stays hot. Put something cold in it - it stays cold. How does it know?

I present this joke about the principle of insulation to suggest something about building insulation in Australia. I have NEVER seen so many buildings that are so poorly insulated. Is the public aware that building insulation reduces Air Con costs also? There is a LOT of energy to be saved by the simple process of improved building insulation. I understand there has been some rorting issues with attempts to improve insulation of buildings. Just because there was rorting does not mean the intention was wrong. I am curious what the state of the art opinion is on the idea of improving building insulation and its impact on energy expenditures and improved resilience to likely increased temperatures from climate change.

> paul sutton

13 Oct 2015

Hi Paul, thanks for raising the issue of energy efficiency and building insulation. The 'Reduce' Consultation paper states that over 20% of emissions come from buildings, highlighting the importance of promoting cost effective energy efficiency initiatives.
Our team will take your feedback into consideration in developing the new Climate Change Strategy.
Thanks again for taking the time to get involved in the discussion.
Regards, Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Bas de Groot > paul sutton

13 Oct 2015

Agree with Paul here, and I do think re-introducing greens into the inner city, with foliage providing shade in summer, and a protective layer in winter, will help provide insulation as well: https://www.clearwater.asn.au/user-data/resource-files/Green-facades-summary.pdf
Yes, it may be more labour-intensive to maintain, but it will definitely reduce emissions.

> paul sutton

14 Oct 2015

Thanks for your feedback Bas, and for continuing this discussion.
Our team will review all of the comments and take it into consideration in the development of the new Climate Change Strategy.
Thanks, Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Bas de Groot

13 Oct 2015

I agree with Stefan's assessment below that a major effort should be aimed at sustainable electricity production.
However, I'd put forward three other options that could provide continuous, sustainable power production: tidal power, wave power and geothermal power. Both cost a lot of money to set up, but so does any power station.
The advantage of geothermal power generation is that South Australia has a lot of suitable locations for it (apparently SA has the nickname "Australia's hot rock haven"), and it is very scalable. It can also work both stand-alone and with the grid.
The advantages of both tidal and wave power is that SA has a large coastline, so we have a number of good locations to pick from, and there will always be enough sea and tides to go around. There may be some adverse effects on marine life, so we'll have to mitigate those, but it will definitely be better for the sea and the coast than fracking in the Bight. We also have SA Universities that are engaged in research in these areas, and there are some wave power initiatives already going in Victoria and WA, and we already have a wave power pilot going in SA (Oceanlinx at Port MacDonnell). Tidal power is already being used on a moderate scale in Northern America and Europe, so the knowledge is here.

Also, because rubbish collection & recycling is traditionally a Local Council matter, most biosource energy generation initiatives seem to be local initiatives, too. That's good in itself, but if we could have a central depot for biosource material (something like a central State greenwaste depot), would it be possible to build a bigger biomass power plant that could provide base load levels? That could possibly even be done by converting existing coal plants when they are decommissioned.

> Bas de Groot

13 Oct 2015

Hi Bas, great to have your thoughts in response to Stefan's previous post and for your ideas about tidal power, wave power and geothermal power.
Our team will be reviewing all of the comments received through the online forum and will take them into consideration in the development of the new Climate Change Strategy for SA.
The consultation open until this Sunday 18 October.
Regards
Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Silver Moon

12 Oct 2015

Emmissions reduction is very important to me. Having base load solar thermal power stations at smart locations that will benefit local people and be close to the grid is the best option. I disagree with those who are suggesting nuclear. Current nuclear power stations create enormous emmissions in the construction. What we need are power systems that are energy sensitive to build. Also those who do the accounting for energy use in different types of power stations dont add up the cost in energy for nuclear accidents and for the dispoal of waste. As soon as you add in thesee costs it can be seen that nuclear is no help at all. We need to stop mucking about and get on with becoming sustainable ASAP. There is no planet B

> Silver Moon

12 Oct 2015

Hi Silver, Thanks for getting involved in the discussion and for your comments. Our team will take this into consideration in developing the new Climate Change Strategy for SA.
Have you had a chance to look at our video about our State vision for South Australia’s transition to a low-carbon, resilient economy, with advanced manufacturing and green technologies? You can check it out via the 'Background' page on this website, or by cutting and pasting this link:

http://yoursay.sa.gov.au/decisions/yoursay-engagements-climate-change-strategy-for-south-australia/background

Regards, Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team.

David Clarke

08 Oct 2015

The cost of on-shore wind power varies from country to country and according to various sources, but whatever it is, it is very competitive to fossil fuel electricity costs. http://bit.ly/1nfrGeQ

More wind farms in SA!

> David Clarke

08 Oct 2015

Hi David, great to have you involved in the 'reduce' discussion and for your views on wind power.
Wind energy is now the second largest energy generation source in the state and SA has 41% of Australia's operating wind farm capacity.
SA has a target for 50% of electricity generation to come from renewable sources by 2025. This target is currently not legislated, but it would be great to hear your thought on whether you think it should be.
Regards, Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Catherine Cox

02 Oct 2015

I'd like to comment on several opportunities:
Transport changes: there are already great initiatives on the go: Adelaide is becoming a more bicycle friendly and walking-friendly city. I would like to see more investment in public transport and cycling, and less investment on roads and private vehicle transport. It's better for health, tourism and recreation also. This can apply to rural centres too.
Planning changes: A large, sprawling city creates more transport difficulties and increases heat. It's good to see residential options increasing in the city, but wasteful use of land in the suburbs continues. People seem to want to build very large houses which appear largely empty and inefficient to cool and heat. High prices for energy could be useful. Over-built land also increases heat. I would like to see fewer roads in the suburbs, also narrower roads to reduce bitumen area and blocked-off roads with small parks to act as heat sinks.
Energy generation: So good to see SA leading the way in alternative energy generation. The game is changing rapidly. Large scale generation with long supply networks could be a thing of the past. New technology to make localised generation and storage feasible seems to be coming in. I would like to see incentives and proposals for setting up localised schemes. This could be an employment generator and an economic boost.

> Catherine Cox

02 Oct 2015

Thanks for these ideas, Catherine, and for also highlighting related benefits in some of these areas for health and wellbeing and for the economy.
Kind regards, Jessica from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Stefan Hasenohr

01 Oct 2015

Hi guys,

Given that most of (approximately 75%) of our State’s annual greenhouse gas emissions come from electricity generation and transport/stationary fuel-use (Reduce Consultation Paper, 2015), with electricity generation highly-likely accounting for the majority of this, I believe it’s this sector which we should be putting the majority of our efforts towards when it comes to substantially reducing our greenhouse gas emissions (not to say that we shouldn’t simultaneously be putting effort into things such as improving building energy use-efficiency and public transport availability and quality).

Currently, the bulk (61.2%) of our State’s electricity comes from the burning of coal and gas (AEMO, 2015). Thankfully, a number of significantly lower-carbon emitting alternative options are available for us to pursue.

Now, like many other SA citizens, I’m not an expert on electricity generation technologies, infrastructure and economics. That’s why when it comes to forming my opinion on what decisions we should make, I tend to rely on the recommendations of those who are much more knowledgeable on these matters, and who approach things in an objective, critical, and pragmatic way.

Please don’t hate me =) , but it’s from listening to and reading the arguments made by internationally renowned scientists such as James Hansen, and more locally by those such as Professor Barry Brook of the University of Tasmania (formerly the University of Adelaide) that have led to me being of the opinion that nuclear energy needs to be a part of our electricity generation mix (along with wind) if we’re going to substantially reduce and hopefully eliminate our electricity-related emissions in a relatively quick (i.e. by mid-century), inexpensive, and straight forward way.

While our impressive adoption of wind-based electricity generation (32.7% of electricity generation in 2013-14) has clearly reduced the emissions of our State’s electricity generation sector, apparently there are key limitations as to how far it can go (Heard et al. 2015).

According to Heard et al. (2015), “the deployment of nuclear energy technology provides the pathway of greatest technical and economic certainty for the permanent displacement of fossil-fuelled baseload electricity generation in South Australia”.

Of course, electricity generation from nuclear energy also comes with issues, the biggest being that there are Federal Laws in place which currently prohibit it in Australia. That these laws still exist I think comes down to it being perceived that the majority of the public are still adamantly against nuclear energy, particularly younger people. However, I myself am only 24 and given its huge potential to reduce our emissions quickly, the support for it by prominent climate scientists and environmentalists such as James Hansen and George Monbiot, and the incredible improvement in knowledge and technology in regards to safety and waste-management, I think the pros outweigh the cons. The same goes for many other people my age that I know.

Cheers

Stefan

P.s – for anyone interested, attached below is the link to a great free downloadable book called “Sustainable Energy – Without the Hot Air” written by Professor David Mackay from the University of Cambridge about sustainable energy generation. It doesn’t advocate for anything in particular, it just simply aims to promote constructive conversations about energy in an honest, educational and fun way!

http://www.withouthotair.com/

References (all are free to download):
• SA Government Reduce Consultation Paper, (2015). http://ysa-v2-katalyst-com-au.s3.amazonaws.com/production/2015/09/07/00/59/23/de7c59a0-c396-4d79-8d4d-5b7f0a7df8fb/Strategy_Paper_REDUCE%20FIN%20WEB.pdf
• AEMO, (2015). South Australian Fuel and Technology Report. http://www.aemo.com.au/Electricity/Planning/South-Australian-Advisory-Functions/South-Australian-Fuel-and-Technology-Report
• Ben Heard, Corey J. A. Bradshaw & Barry W. Brook (2015). Beyond wind: furthering development of clean energy in South Australia, Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 139:1, 57-82. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/274084551_Beyond_wind_furthering_developing_of_clean_energy_in_South_Australia

> Stefan Hasenohr

01 Oct 2015

Hi Stefan
Thanks very much for contribution toward this discussion and sharing your thoughts. Your comments will be taken into consideration as part of the development of the new Climate Change Strategy. I also thank you for providing the links and references that support your post.
Kind Regards, Peter from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Brian Ashton

29 Sep 2015

I believe there needs to be a lot more emphasis on reducing emissions. We hear lots about generating extra power but we could get the impression that we cannot possibly reduce our consumption without reducing our standard of living. I believe we could.

There should be awards for good ideas, case studies on how people have reduced, think-tanks and conferences, guidelines, etc. It has to be an ongoing campaign not unlike the "Keep Australia Beautiful" campaign.

I believe people are very resourceful and if we see a need, and work together, we can do amazing things. It is not inconceivable that we could reduce emissions by 50%. This would be a huge step forward and an example to the world.

> Brian Ashton

30 Sep 2015

Hi Brian. Thanks for sharing your views - your ideas will be considered as part of the development of the new Climate Change Strategy. Similar suggestions about highlighting case studies and recognising climate change actions have also been raised during some of the climate change strategy workshops. If you haven't already registered, it would be great if you get involved in one of the upcoming workshops.
Kind regards, Jessica from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Finn Peacock

28 Sep 2015

Prevent SA Power Networks from crippling the deployment of Commercial Solar systems by forcing business customers onto peak demand tariffs. It often makes deploying commercial solar uneconomic, despite the fact that businesses usually have the perfect energy demand profile for using solar. Force SAPN to help, not hinder the deployment of commerical scale solar systems.

> Finn Peacock

29 Sep 2015

Thanks for posting a comment on the discussion forum, Finn. We will take this into consideration as the new Climate Change Strategy is developed.

Have you had an opportunity to consider the 'Reduce' and 'Innovate' consultation papers? These two papers in particular are seeking ideas about how to reduce emissions in specific industry sectors, and how the Government can facilitate the development of clean tech industries.
There are a number of other specific areas that we are seeking input to in these papers and it would be good to hear your thoughts.
Regards, Jessica from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Michael Noack

26 Sep 2015

By Legalising car-sharing (UberX, etc.) we have the potential to reduce car emissions 80% (80% of cars are empty, with 1 passenger in a 5 passenger car).

Widespread use of UberX by 100,000 South Australian commuters each taking 2 passengers (who are currently commuters) will mean 200,000 less commuters on our road, greatly reducing emissions, greatly reducing the cost of peoples transport to work and cost of living, and the drivers will be earning an income for driving to work.

Everybody wins.

If the government is serious about climate change, they should legalise car-sharing, and stop attacking UberX and similar services.

> Michael Noack

28 Sep 2015

Hi Michael
Thanks for getting involved and raising this. Your feedback will be considered as part of the development of the new Climate Change Strategy.
Kind Regards, Peter from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Tim Kelly

25 Sep 2015

RE: COAG PRINCIPLES FOR JURISDICTIONS TO REVIEW AND STREAMLINE THEIR EXISTING CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION MEASURES

The COAG Complementarity Principles were the most damaging factor in preventing market wide participation in a low carbon economy before and during the Carbon Pricing System. Whilst being written ambiguously, the clear message was that the cap set by government reduces emissions individual effort does not change the cap so it is is duplicative, reduction-futile and inefficient. The objective of reducing emissions in energy efficiency was taken out of government language and the mixed messages led to widespread dismay and a loss of support for tackling climate change in my view.
It was only the big emitters and Government that were deemed to operate in the emissions reduction space and everyone else should just adapt to pricing impacts. Individual effort was considered to simply free up future permits elsewhere in the economy.

From 2008 to 2013 the Complementarity Principles, supported by the Government of South Australia served to silently decimate participation in advancing a low carbon economy (The 2008 version is available here https://www.coag.gov.au/sites/default/files/20081129_complementarity_principles.pdf). Incredibly this destruction was done before we ever even arrived at the ‘flexible price period’.

I dared to disagree then and I am just as worried now as the state government ramps up climate mitigation action yet also supports a return to emissions trading. If there is a such a return to emissions trading with the same COAG Complementarity approach at any time in the future, initiatives like Carbon Neutral Adelaide, state Renewable Energy Targets and Greenhouse Reduction Targets may once again be considered as reduction-futile, meaningless and that polite term ‘non complementary’. It is therefore extremely important that during this consultation, a different approach be agreed at the state level in order to advocate against repeating the COAG Complementarity experience.

I argue that efforts by all individuals, households and businesses in both covered sectors and uncovered sectors are not duplicative but collaborative. They don’t need to be streamlined out of policy or meaning, they should be encouraged.

Well designed emissions reduction policies (federal, state and local) and tangible voluntary actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will allow Australia’s national target and any scheme caps to be tightened faster than would otherwise be possible.

We do need some checks to prevent bad policy design such as the original Solar Credits Multiplier (which displaced 5MWh of renewable energy already required by law for every new MWh of household solar installed), but this is a very separate matter to the COAG Complementarity streamlining.
So the first opportunity is to ensure that there is policy and logic foundation to a low carbon economy that is supportive for each and every person, household and business to be part of reducing emissions, co-existing with or without emissions trading caps.

> Tim Kelly

28 Sep 2015

Hi Tim
Thanks for taking the time to get involved in this discussion and raising your concern. The State Government is committed to demonstrating effective leadership on climate change and will continue to work collaboratively with the states, territories and the Commonwealth Government as climate policies evolve. We appreciate your feedback regarding this issue and our team will consider this in the development of the new Climate Change Strategy.
Kind Regards, Peter from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Simon Dunn

25 Sep 2015

I fully agree with the adaptation of renewables on CBD Buildings, however for a number of limitations this is not always practical, taking a more proactive approach to actually reducing the consumption in the first place would have a greater affect.

Along similar lines to Matt Law's comment below around 'smart metering', but without the need for costly capital expenditure and disruption of installing new hardware, would be the utilisation of existing Type 1-4 or 5 remotely read interval meters to provide all the necessary data to identify the CBD's building stock electricity and tCO2-e consumption via an intuitive user software platform, which can also provide total portfolio benchmarking, live NABERS rating tracking, TOU $/Kwh, etc, etc at very nominal monthly fees.

To aid in the uptake by the private sector, the State Government could choose to pay for the first year Software as a Service (SaaS) fee on a loan basis, which they would look to then have paid back in year two from the operational savings of implemented energy reduction initiatives at the premises.
This would encourage building owners and tenants to participate as they would have a financial commitment to pay back the loan and the tools to allow overall view of their consumption to identify energy intense areas to make changes.
This will also allow the Government to have a clear understanding of where and how much electricity is being consumed in the CBD's buildings, monitor the tCO2-e reductions (or not), have a live portal for all participants to track and monitor, external and internal stakeholders can communicate the successes, government departments will know how their tenancies are tracking, etc, etc.

Projects can be encouraged to proceed by utilising such facilities as the BUF and a with great affect a CEFC/Bank low interest, long term, cash flow positive finance options. Either of these will allow building owners (base building) and tenants (tenancy) to be proactive in improving their own energy consumption and reaping the benefits as well as helping the City of Adelaide towards carbon neutrality.

Although the general concepts above are nothing new, the idea of making building consumption easily accessible, transparent and robust for all to see will generate interest from all stakeholders and maybe even create some competition between all parties to achieve some fantastic results which we can all benefit from!!

> Simon Dunn

28 Sep 2015

Hi Simon
Thanks for your input. Your feedback will be considered as part of the Carbon Neutral Adelaide initiative. I also encourage you to participate in one of our upcoming workshops. You can register via this website.
Kind Regards, Peter from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Garry Morrison

24 Sep 2015

PERMACULTURE
Provides many solutions to climate change, while also providing greater agricultural produce productivity per Hectare, greater employment opportunities and drives the transition to renewable energy, water efficiency and societies true sustainability.
Promotion of Permaculture would be a win on many fronts.

> Garry Morrison

25 Sep 2015

Thanks for getting involved in the discussion, Garry. Your feedback and ideas will be considered by our team as part of the development of the new Climate Change Strategy for SA. In the meantime, I encourage you to attend one of the public workshops if you can.
Regards,
Lewis from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Warwick Norman

23 Sep 2015

Pumped storage hydro
I suggest more work be done on pumped storage hydro electricity for South Australia. It is a relatively cost-effective way of converting intermittent renewables to base load power. The following links provide additional information:

http://theconversation.com/how-pushing-water-uphill-can-solve-our-renewable-energy-issues-28196

http://www.alstom.com/products-services/product-catalogue/power-generation/renewable-energy/hydro-power/hydro-power-plants/pumped-storage-power-plants/

http://www.businessspectator.com.au/article/2013/10/8/smart-energy/pumped-hydro-energy-storage-%E2%80%93-making-better-use-wind

> Warwick Norman

23 Sep 2015

Hi Warwick
Thank you for your feedback regrading pumped hydro storage in South Australia. Energy security will be an important long term issue as we progress uptake of low carbon energy sources. I encourage you if you have not already to refer to the Low Carbon Investment Plan for South Australia strategy paper on this website. Also please register to attend one of our upcoming workshops if you would like to participate further in this discussion.
Regards, Peter from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Jonathan SObels

22 Sep 2015

I propose that the Adelaide City Council, Wilson Parking and the RAA collaborate on a pilot project to introduce electric golf carts to the CBD. The reason is to reduce cost of transportation, traffic congestion, pollution and lay the groundwork for Adelaide to become a carbon-neutral CBD.
The features are: 1. Every resident and business in the CBD has the option to participate in the lease or purchase of a golf cart through the ACC. Second-hand they can be purchased for around $1500 each for lots of 20. 2. Each golf cart is road ready and road worthy, complete with licence plates, lights, insurance, etc., the cost being borne by the State Government. SAPOL agree to 'look after' golf carts (or at least allow a pilot project to proceed) in view of lower speeds, less violent collisions, less collisions. 3. The first two or three levels in all Wilson CBD car parks be allocated to electric golf carts, complete with recharging plugs, the cost of energy to be borne by the car parks and the ACC. Adelaide CBD has more car parks than either Sydney or Melbourne CBD areas. 4. Electric golf carts do not pay for parking meter tickets in the CBD. 5. Because traffic movement in the CBD averages less than 45 km/hr (assumed), the speed of golf carts - at 20 to 25 km/hr will not cause traffic congestion.
In addition, the SA Government funds development of an electric vehicle from a golf cart "up" rather than from a car, "down". This is a change in mind set for engineers, in making a golf cart lighter - use of carbon fibre, cheaper - 3-D printing, longer power time - advanced battery technology, and a little weather proofing, perhaps novel 'doors'. UniSA are well established in the area of electric vehicles and Low Carbon Living research and development. Together with an industry partner, a manufacturing plant could be established in Adelaide to supply all tourism centres in SA and beyond, like the operation on Hamilton Island. The parameters of golf cart transport - easy, simple, low threat, cheap - are in contrast to the legacy issues of 80 years industrial design of internal combustion engines, which even as electric vehicles, are complex, complicated, higher threat (people and property) and minimum 10 times the price.

> Jonathan SObels

22 Sep 2015

Hi Jonathan
Thank you for all of your ideas. Given your interest in the City of Adelaide I encourage you to come along to the Adelaide workshop on Thursday 8th October. You can register on this website.
Regards, Michelle from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

SONIA MANGELSEN

22 Sep 2015

SOLAR PANELS
Properties in the government portfolio should all have a plan to transition to solar power.
If the starting point is housing properties there would be a dual benefit. The premise is lower income earners live in government housing. The residents will get a reduction in the power bill and the environment wins too. When a renovation of a residential property is planned, build in $2000 into the cost for a small solar system. Obviously when a new residential property is planned, $2000 of the cost is given over to solar installation.
I suggest that government with a large number of residential properties is in a position to drive down the costs of supply.
I would suggest that the solar rebate could be split between the tenant (decrease in power account) and the government (dollars to reinvest in the solar plan) as a win-win.

> SONIA MANGELSEN

22 Sep 2015

Hi Sonia,
It is great to hear about your ideas. We heard similar ideas at the Northern Adelaide/Barossa workshop this morning. I encourage you to come along to one of our other regional workshops. A list of dates and locations are available on this website. We will consider your feedback as part of the development of the new Climate Change Strategy.
Regards, Michelle from DEWNR Climate Change Team

Heather Smith

13 Sep 2015

At the risk of boring you all I will be blogging regularly about what we could do. Today's post is about transitioning Port Augusta from coal to renewables, https://changingweatherblog.wordpress.com/2015/09/13/transition-for-port-augusta/
with three big opportunities:

Turning all remote towns into renewable micro-grids: https://changingweatherblog.wordpress.com/2015/09/13/turning-all-remote-towns-into-renewable-micro-grids/
Innovation component within Port Augusta Energy Park: https://changingweatherblog.wordpress.com/2015/09/13/innovation-component-within-pt-augusta-energy-park/
Repower Port Augusta with solar thermal: https://changingweatherblog.wordpress.com/2015/09/13/repower-port-augusta-with-solar-thermal/

> Heather Smith

13 Sep 2015

Hi Heather, thanks for the link to your blog and for sharing your ideas.
We are holding an event in Port Augusta next Wednesday. Have you registered for one of our events yet?
Regards, Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Matt Law

10 Sep 2015

A great initiative, it would be fantastic for SA to lead Australia towards a greener cleaner future.

It's so easy in many ways to find solutions which would significantly reduce emissions, a simple Internet search provides a multitude of great ideas and examples from other cities.

The below are some Micro points specific to SA:

Smart electric meters (which show where electricity is being used) and smart thermostats would be great for South Australia. Houses are significantly bigger than other cities and I suspect heating/cooling accounts for the bulk of the use. People just don't manage it well because they don't incur the cost/or see it as they use it.

We need to continue to encourage solar panels, we have a great climate for it.

I would like to see train speed increased. At times it feels like I could run faster than the Belair line train (though I wouldn't last longer than 100m).

Why do we allow cars to park in the cycle lanes!

We need to seriously consider any major infrastructure upgrade in light of upcoming technological innovation. I don't see the logic in major road upgrades when we know (and should be actively encouraging it) the automated car is coming. The automated car is predicted to significantly reduce congestion.

> Matt Law

11 Sep 2015

Hi Matt, thanks for getting involved and sharing your ideas. Your feedback will be considered by our team in the development of the new Climate Change Strategy for SA.
Thanks again for your comments.
Regards, Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Craig Wilkins

10 Sep 2015

South Australia is beautifully poised to capitalise on our world leading position in renewable energy. Conservation Council SA recently commissioned energy expert Dr Mark Diesendorf from UNSW to explore whether SA could be powered by 100% renewable energy. After detailed modelling he discovered it is feasible and affordable to do it within 15 years. That's incredibly exciting! And we don't need to wait for the Feds to act - there is much that the State Government can do. Step 1) We need a 100% renewables roadmap to get there and a process to include industry, community, NGOs, academia and govt. Step 2) invest in enabling policy like the ACT reverse auction to build new dispatchable technology like solar thermal at Port Augusta. Step 3) a fast transition to genuinely 'smart' grid and investment in energy efficiency to reduce demand. The energy revolution is on and we can be a renewable energy incubator for the world. Let's do it!

> Craig Wilkins

10 Sep 2015

Hi Craig, thanks for your post and for getting involved in the discussion!
Regards, Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Heather Smith

10 Sep 2015

Hi, Can we get access to the Pitt and Sherry report that was used to inform the Carbon Neutral Adelaide analysis please?

> Heather Smith

10 Sep 2015

Dear Heather, Thank you for your enquiry. As you rightly noted, the State Government has engaged a consultancy to inform the scoping and delivery of the Carbon Neutral Adelaide initiative. The consultancy report is expected to be released before the end of this year.

Regards, Michelle from the DEWNR Climate Change Team

Alison George

09 Sep 2015

Public transport.

From my point of view we're on our way in terms of power generation, so we need to look at the other big area of emissions. Too many car kilometres used for too low "value" transport uses - one person going to a job that doesn't require use of a car during the day. We'd get a good result from a bit of suburban redesign to promote safe walking and cycling for shopping and getting kids to and from school, but better public transport, preferably electric powered, for routine commuting is a nice big target for a big head start.

I live in the southern suburbs, so we have electrified trains. Doing the northern line should be the next step - and soon - all of it.

If we're also looking for industrial opportunities at the same time as emission reductions, coming up with solar bus operating systems suitable for our climate should get a look in. Buying them is one thing. Designing and building - all or part - of such buses and/or their recharge systems could promote local industry if we were able to get it right for buses servicing our extended suburban routes. It may or may not turn into an export opportunity, but there are plenty of Australian locations that could benefit if we succeed.

> Alison George

10 Sep 2015

Thanks for your feedback, Alison. Your ideas will be considered as part of the development of the new Climate Change Strategy.

Have you had a chance to have a look at the Carbon Neutral Adelaide consultation paper? Here's an extract from it that you might be interested in relating to transport:

"Transport is the second largest contributor of
greenhouse gas emissions in the City, accounting
for 40% of the total in 2012/13. Passenger vehicles
are estimated to contribute approximately 99% of
the total transport emissions in 2013. Petrol is the
most popular type of fuel for passenger vehicles,
being 88% of the total, followed by diesel and
liquefied petroleum gas. In 2013, public transport
contributed approximately 1% of the total net
emissions, with trains and buses contributing
32% and 45% of this respectively."

There are a number of specific questions we are seeking feedback on in relation to this initiative which are in the paper. It would be great to hear your thoughts on this too.

Regards, Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team.

Jenny Paradiso

09 Sep 2015

Education and awareness is key - why we need to reduce our emissions and how we can easily play our part. This is for businesses, home-owners, and landlords. Simple changes to heating and lighting can help, plus solar solutions (PV, hot water). Like all new areas of growth, government support through education and incentives are required, to help build that momentum and turn new changes into common-place practices.

> Jenny Paradiso

09 Sep 2015

Thanks for getting involved in the discussion, Jenny. Your feedback and ideas will be considered by our team as part of the development of the new Climate Change Strategy for SA.
Regards, Janet from the DEWNR Climate Change Team