There is a great deal of evidence that people who identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex or Queer (LGBTIQ) are subjected to many forms of stigma, discrimination and exclusion as a result of their sexual orientation, Intersex status or gender identity. While there are no definitive figures on the size of the LGBTIQ population, it is estimated to range from 2% to 11% of the Australian population. Recent international estimates suggest that between 1 in 500 and 1 in 11,500 people identify as transgender and it is estimated that between 1 in 200 and 1 in 500 people are born with physical variations that meet the definition for various intersex conditions.

In recognition of the levels of social exclusion experienced by those in the LGBTIQ communities, as a result of prejudice and discrimination, the Department for Communities and Social Inclusion developed the South Australian Strategy for the Inclusion of LGBTIQ People 2014 - 2016. The strategy was developed in partnership with the LGBTIQ communities, including a Rainbow Advisory Council. In November 2015 DCSI launched the 2015-16 Rainbow Survey asking LGBTIQ South Australians about their experiences accessing services and engaging in community activities, as well as their opinion on what could be improved. While many who responded indicated very positive life experiences, results also revealed that LGBTIQ people usually mask their full identity in a range of public places to avoid discrimination and few seek recourse to incidents of abuse. The Way Forward: LGBTIQ Report (646 KB) provides a snapshot of the achievements toward LGBTIQ equality that have occurred since 2014. The South Australian Strategy for the Inclusion of LGBTIQ People and the 2015-16 Rainbow Survey can be found on the DCSI website.

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