What are the best approaches government could take to address the issue of single-use plastics?

Hello and welcome to the discussion forum on single-use plastic products.

Read the Turning the tide on single-use plastic products Discussion Paper or the Summary Paper.

What are the best approaches government could take to address the issue of single-use plastics (eg. legislation, education, incentives).

Provide your feedback in the discussion below.

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Bec Francis

19 Feb 2019

Supermarkets should provide / sell biodegradable / plant based plastic bags at the check out. Or reintroduce the use of a free box service to repurpose boxes.
Single use plastic bags that supermarkets can now profit on should absolutely be banned!
In addition, plastic pre-wrapped fruit and vegetables should be banned.

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Tiffany Sharp

19 Feb 2019

1. I do consider single use plastics to be harming the environment and becoming part of the food chain having a wide impact on individual and public health.
2. Living on the beach in the City of Holdfast Bay I see single use plastics in the water, on the sea bed, in the rocks, around wildlife, on the beach, in the sand dunes, along with huge numbers of cigarette butts and fishing line. I've seen marine life and birds trying to eat plastics from the ocean and on the shoreline, I've seen dead marine birds from undetermined death (possibly plastics) and from fishing wire.
3. With all change comes fear and the laggards, the community will adjust to single use plastic bans especially if you promote the impact on health and cause and effect (regularly) Target leaders in community such as sporting clubs to champion the way. All surf clubs on the beach should be a part of protecting the ocean and sea communities, their policies need to reflect leadership in this area.
4. Yes, all checkout bags and produce bags (i.e.for grocery items) be made from compostable (Australian Standard 4736-2006) material
5. Biodegradable,degradable or compostable bags would be used multiple times for multiple purposes if readily available, from shopping, to wrapping foods to picking up dog poo, simply a part of daily life.
6. Cotton buds, bread bags with plastic ring, plastic cutlery utensils, plastic bottles
The rest of the dot points- re labeling I think a key incentive behind recycling in SA (in the past) has been the money they will receive from recycling, as such increase the % and make it very bold in labeling. The 'feel good' collective wellness and environmental warriors will also make an impact as it becomes the 'trendy' thing to do (hopefully), until then money talks. Make the deposit plastic vending machines available along the beaches to encourage sporting clubs and those that frequent the areas to recycle, the vending machine will give them an immediate pavlonian kick with a monetary incentive. Have them available not far from cafe's, restaurants and supermarkets, where plastics are consumed.
Can we petition to have a plastic deposit vending machine locally? I've made inquiries to the council, however they do not know when they are to be installed nor where. Do you have information that could assist in successfully bidding for a recycling vending machine? Thank you

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Christopher Sellwood

19 Feb 2019

Bring back the lightweight bags. They're cheaper and more compact going into landfill. What am I going to have to do every time I forget to bring my bags to the shops, buy more cotton ones? Great solution, let's use all our water to grow more cotton!

Chris Rossi > Christopher Sellwood

19 Feb 2019

Seriously?? Those light weight bags kill so many turtles, marine life and native wildlife. If you can't remember a reusable bag to go shopping how could you possibly remember what you need to buy. It is not ok to put our laziness and ahead of native animals lifes and also destroy our environment in the process. There are plenty of reusable bags already in this country, many are made out of recycled plastic and will last a lifetime so your statement on growing cotton isn't very valid. I highly recommend watching some documentaries like 'A Plastic Ocean' or ABC's 'War on Waste'.

Christopher Sellwood > Christopher Sellwood

19 Feb 2019

Put the fcking bag in the bin instead of the ocean then.

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Lynton Vonow

19 Feb 2019

I would like to see legislation that:
1. requires all of the following (and any other single use plastics) to be made only from compostable materials, when selling in South Australia - disposable nappies, all plastic bags (including bread bags, pasta packets, cereal packets etc), takaway coffee cups, cutlery from takeaway outlets and food vans, crisp packets, sandwich bags, cling wrap, plastic sleeves (office supplies), drinking straws, and wrappings around fruit and vegetables (if necessary to do so) etc.
2. About takeaway coffee cups, in order to be compostable they must not be allowed to be made with non-compostable plastic lining, as some are at present.
3. All fast food outlets must only be allowed to sell compostable containers, so that any rubbish can all be put directly into the green bin, or composted oneself.

Such legislation would send the strongest signal to companies to invest in the manufacture of compostable products. And ultimately such technology and expertise flow on to other places.

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Julia Miller

19 Feb 2019

I agree we should ban single use and thicker plastic bags, and use paper bags when buying and selling fruit and vegetables. However, many people reuse plastic shopping bags as rubbish bags later. If we ban them, we need to provide a greener alternative for domestic rubbish disposal.

Samantha Good > Julia Miller

19 Feb 2019

I absolutely agree with Julia, it really bothers me to see that these very thick plastic bags are being used as rubbish containing bags and so the use of them ends up being counter intuitive and evermore destructive to the environment. Bin liners need to be greener and more environmentally friendly, and the use of thick plastic 're-usable' bags should be banned.

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david webb

17 Feb 2019

Let South Australia lead the way and introduce world best practice. It is a no brainer single use plastics needs to be eliminated. Legislate no single use plastics can be used / sold in SA from 2025 and offer incentives for business's that drive that agenda in the form of tax relief or lobbying on their behalf federally for R&D support and / or tax relief.
SA can be a world leader in these fields.

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Green Industries SA > david webb

18 Feb 2019

Thanks for your comments and ideas David. All of the ideas submitted will be assessed and considered as part of the policy response.

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Jess Ljevakovic

17 Feb 2019

Thank you for the opportunity to have a say and have my thought heard.

Plastic is a huge concern for me. We try to reduce our waste as much as possible but it isn't always easy. I would love to see single use plastics banned from produce sections (and phased out throughout stores). It's highly unnecessary. If they can't do it because of how time consuming it is to weigh produce at the checkout then perhaps they should simply leave selling produce to our local produce stores. I'm realistic though and aware of the backlash it would bring from some people that are used to the convenience of plastic. That's where education comes into play. Let's get education starting at shopping centres. Having people in stores to show us options outside the usual is more likely to encourage people to reach for a box or paper bag. We simply place produce in our trolley - we wash it at home anyway.

We collect our soft plastics for recycling to try and do our best to help the problem but here's the thing. The soft plastic recycling programs simply turn soft plastics into hard plastics. We're not solving the issue. It's just shifting it :(

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Green Industries SA > Jess Ljevakovic

18 Feb 2019

Thanks for your thoughts Jess. Successfully addressing this issue is as much about how we shop and our expectations as consumers as it is the materials we use to get our items from the shop to home. The products manufactured from soft plastics at least make use of resources we’ve already produced, and hard plastic products can be recycled again at the end of their useful life, as well as offsetting the use of other resources. But ideally, we would not be perpetuating a stream of single use items which are derived from a non-renewable resource.

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Steve McClure

17 Feb 2019

Australia contributes less the two one hundredths of one percent of the total ocean plastic waste of which only a portion is single use plastic. Let's stop using this as a driver. Let's ask the question instead of " how can we improve South Australia's natural environment?". Big ticket items include getting more water in the Murray, creating more natural space through decreasing urban sprawl and increasing the size of our national parks, reversing the urban heat island effect through more trees green walls green roofs and less bitumen, improving air quality through reducing the number of cars on our roads, improving fish stocks through limiting foreign factory trawlers, decreasing poorly designed energy hungry buildings, and stop the development of private resorts within our national parks. Each and every one of those items has a far greater effect on the environment than South Australia's contribution to oceanic plastic. While generally admirable, it seems like this is a warm fuzzy feel good issue that will detract attention and resources away from environmental issues that would have a greater impact.

Steve McClure > Steve McClure

17 Feb 2019

We are focussing on the sliver, and ignoring the log.

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Green Industries SA > Steve McClure

18 Feb 2019

Thanks for your comments Steve. Single use plastics are one of many issues the community want addressed. Regardless of the size of Australia’s total contribution to ocean plastic waste, it is still creating a significant impact, including comprising 75% of beach rubbish (www.theguardian.com/environment/ng-interactive/2018/apr/18/the-great-australian-garbage-map-75-of-beach-rubbish-made-of-plastic).

Steve McClure > Steve McClure

18 Feb 2019

Thank you for the reply. This proposed ban still seems like a solution looking for a problem. If this gains momentum, the tried and true path will be followed: people jump on the bandwagon, look for small ways to improve, become self righteous about what they've done, and then get "environment fatigue" stop doing more things , but leave with a warm fuzzy glow.
I advocate a three step process: 1) identify the big environmental problems we have in the state, 2) identify what we can do about it, 3) determine which solution gets the most bang for our buck.
To follow that:1) There are many more pressing environmental issues in SA than beach litter 2) 99.998 of ocean borne plastic does not originate in South Australia, and of that rubbish that ends up here, we don't know where it originates 3) perhaps a few more rubbish bins, heftier fines for littering, deposits on cigarette butts, and litter traps on the Torrens would be more effective and cheaper?
Or: 1)the Urban Heat island effect is huge since we keep cutting down trees and laying more asphalt, and is a direct cause of increased hospital admissions 2) we can plant more trees, paint roads grey and stop building unnecessary traffic lanes, 3) lots of canopy trees on verges and median strips coupled with green walls and gardens. This is not only plausible, but easily done, and will have a huuuuuuuge impact on the problem. Plus aid in mental and physical health, reduce Airconditioning costs and reduce hospital emissions.
I oppose the single use plastics ban because is is an ineffective, inefficient feel good measure that detracts attention from actions that are cheaper, more effective, and have wider benefits.

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Joanne Fiedler

16 Feb 2019

BioBag is the best option. Now that BioBag is manufacturing in Adelaide what a better way to support jobs in Adelaide and be a leader in environmental products and saving our planet. (By the way I do not have any connection to BioBag, I just use and love there products).
If we have to use packaging it should be biodegradable or at the very least make from recycled materials. I have gone plastic free this month and it’s not that hard.

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Green Industries SA > Joanne Fiedler

18 Feb 2019

Thanks Joanne, and well done on your plastic free efforts. It’s important that anything going in the green bin is compostable. Check out the Appendix in the discussion paper for definitions: http://tinyurl.com/singleuseplasticsdiscussion

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Belinda H

15 Feb 2019

It is important to consider users when bringing in a ban. What alternatives are there? Are they of similar cost? Can they perform the same function (to the same level)?
The furor around the bans for plastic straws saw the general public demonising disabled people who utilise the utensils. 'Just use a metal/bamboo/paper/silicone one' is a common retort. But none of them perform the same function, offer the same cost benefits or the same levels of hygiene etc.
And the cost should not be borne by those most vulnerable in the community. They should not feel judged for asking for a straw. Nor should they all suddenly be too far removed from sight or reach so they cannot be seen over the counter.
If such a ban comes in place, any and all replacements must be considered to ensure 100% inclusivity of all our community.

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Green Industries SA > Belinda H

18 Feb 2019

Thanks for your comments Belinda. This issue has been raised by previous respondents, but will reiterate here: we really appreciate you making this particular point. It’s exactly this kind of nuance that these consultations seek to discover, so that any policy decisions take into account all kinds of circumstances. We recognise that many people with disabilities rely on straws to eat and drink, and while there are alternative straws on the market, cost and availability are an important consideration. The needs of people with disabilities who depend on straws will be taken into account when determining the best approach.

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Ellen Wundersitz

12 Feb 2019

Supply mushroom style paper bags for fruit and veg instead of plastic. They are compostable.

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Ellen Wundersitz

12 Feb 2019

Encourage supermarkets to supply the old brown paper style of grocery bag (instead of the plastic ones), if people MUST have something to cart their groceries away in. These bags would fit well into the modern style of rectangular bin and would eliminate the need to purchase plastic kitchen bin liners. They would also be compostable and/or biodegradable, plus could be made from recycled paper. One less stream of plastic.

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Green Industries SA > Ellen Wundersitz

13 Feb 2019

Thanks for your feedback Ellen. We need to think about how to balance the convenience people seem to want with how we can minimise single use items. One question is, if single use plastic packaging has become problematic, then what happens when we shift that demand by using another material?

Jess Ljevakovic > Ellen Wundersitz

17 Feb 2019

Green Industries SA - that's an incredibly close minded question to ask. We are surrounded by options in our great state!

How about stepping up and taking responsibility for our large amounts of clothing and other fabrics to turn those into reusable bags?

Having council's step up their education of residents would be equally important. I wonder how many realise how to properly utilise their bin system as it Is!

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Green Industries SA > Ellen Wundersitz

18 Feb 2019

Hi Jess, thank you for your perspective. We think its important to remain open to all kinds of questions, and if we are to avoid unintended consequences, it’s worth considering what impact any replacement material for single use plastics would have. We agree that we all need to take responsibility for our choices in how and what we purchase. Our initial focus for this discussion is around single use plastics. It may be that alternate materials can be used, for packaging, and we are certainly aware that fabric in particular is very hard to recover and recycle at its end of life. Our agency is currently working very closely with councils and local government to roll out much more education to householders in the coming months on how best to use their household recycling systems.

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Emmy Bedford

11 Feb 2019

Hi Team Environmentalist, Thanks For Your Forum I Love The Subject .
I Personally Believe Environmental Can Be Done With Discipline ,Uniforms ,Rewarded.
Discipline I Mean EFFORTS from Those Who Are Campaigning The Subject .
Uniforms I Mean Label To Your Objects Or Tools , sample : Wouldn't That Be Great If Take Away Coffe Not Serve Their Cappuccinos in COMMERCIAL CUP , Give Customer Courages To Buy The Solid Cup And Next time order cappuccinos Bring Your Own Cup And Reward The Customer With healthy Cookies Or Snacks .
Do The Same To Many Other More Products Or Things . DO THE SOLID .

Hopefully We All Feel Good About The GOOD OUTCOMES .

Thank You For This Opportunity For What I Want Or Have To Say .

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Green Industries SA > Emmy Bedford

13 Feb 2019

Thank you Emmy for your comments and passion about this issue.

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Darrell O'Brien

11 Feb 2019

Zeoform is derived from lignocellulosic biomass, such as hemp, cotton, bamboo, sisal, jute, palm, coconut and other cellulose feedstock.[5][6] It is made without any glues, binders, chemicals or synthetics. The fundamental chemistry (and patented formula) causes a fibrillation (feathering) of cellulose micro-fibres (in water), then physical ‘entanglement’ and hydroxyl bonding through evaporation.[7] The result is a super-strong, highly durable, consistent material that emulates wood & wood composites, resin composites, fibreglass and many hard plastics. Zeoform can be produced with various qualities – from light styrofoam to dense ebony. The material is sustainable, compostable and sequesters carbon.[8]

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Green Industries SA > Darrell O'Brien

13 Feb 2019

Thanks Darrell, there are lots of interesting traditional and new materials to consider.

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Tom Walton

08 Feb 2019

Encourage more businesses to use biodegradable alternatives

Hold more community clean up days

Enforce more fines for litter bugs

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Green Industries SA > Tom Walton

13 Feb 2019

Thank you for your comments Tom.

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Samantha Brusnahan

08 Feb 2019

I think there are many solutions but I would like to see council pick up plastic with the weekly rubbish pickup. At the moment many people aren't even educated to the fact they can be returned to some supermarkets for recycling. It is obvious that not many people are taking advantage of this otherwise shops like Coles etc would not be able to deal with the sheer volume. If it was easier for people to recycle plastics and people were notified/educated then most people would do it. Soft plastics in my opinion are the easiest to recycle as in not needing to rinse out but a nuisance to transport to a collection point. I am not sure if the supermarkets are recycling them? Years ago, as in 30 years when I worked in a supermarket the store manager would toss the plastic in their big metal bin 'out the back' for usual collection with other waste. We need to take this more seriously an address it immediately at a house hold level.

Darrell O'Brien > Samantha Brusnahan

12 Feb 2019

There is other types of single use packaging for example ink cartridges and small tubes of glue on a A5 size package covered with security plastic and advertising space to attract attention.

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Green Industries SA > Samantha Brusnahan

13 Feb 2019

Thank you Samantha. Kerbside collection of soft plastics would have to happen in conjunction with a very clear education campaign and commitment by the community to sort plastics correctly, and to definitely not place them in the yellow bin, as soft plastics can tangle and cause expensive breakdowns of the equipment that sorts yellow bin recyclables.

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Marissa Sorich

07 Feb 2019

when you go to bunnings even if you have small items you dont get a bag. You can grab a box. Supermarkets have thousands of boxes from the products they sell. Legislate to make them available to the public and get rid of plastic bags all together for once and for all.

Also whilst I understand some packaging is to protect the product, legislate that only certain products can have this eg rasberries. Plastic packaging around baby spinach, lettuce, corn, cucumbers etc is not necessary.

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Green Industries SA > Marissa Sorich

13 Feb 2019

Thanks for your comments Marissa. Unnecessary plastic packaging in supermarkets has been one of the strongest concerns expressed in this forum.

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Amy Allen

05 Feb 2019

- Implementation of strict standards for 'greener' single use products as per Christopher Goulding's comment below.
- Implement a surcharge for single use plastics to encourage people to bring their own keep cups, re-useable straws, containers etc. This approach has changed people's mindset towards supermarket shopping in SA when a charge was brought in for plastic bags.

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Green Industries SA > Amy Allen

07 Feb 2019

Thanks Amy. A surcharge would act as a prompt, reminding people there’s a cost and it’s no longer automatic, which helps that shift in behaviour. To clarify, single use bags under 35 microns were banned under legislation, so you cannot (legally) get any bag free or otherwise that is less than 35 microns.

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Christopher Goulding

05 Feb 2019

Labeling, single use plastics that are marketed as Green or branded as Greener that are degradable or biodegradable that don’t actually degrade should be banned, Branding something that you purchase as Greener because it contains a chemical that will break it down quicker into micro plastics is shouldn’t be marketed with certain words that give the impression and miss information that the product is green or good for the environment. Labeling laws and product labeling should only use these words if the single use plastic is plant based and compostable so it breaks down in compost.

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Green Industries SA > Christopher Goulding

07 Feb 2019

Thanks for your comment Christopher. We share your concern with differentiating between biodegradable and compostable. Check out the Appendix in the discussion paper for definitions: http://tinyurl.com/singleuseplasticsdiscussion

Any compostable plastic that meets the Australian Standard for bioplastics (AS-4736) can be composted in commercial composting facilities in South Australia. The Australian Standard AS-4736 has very stringent testing and criteria, so claims made about compostability or biodegradability should always be checked for the AS-4736 branding and logo. If you don’t see the logo and the reference to the Standard, then it’s not likely to be compostable. See the Australian Bioplastics website for more detail: http://www.bioplastics.org.au/resources/faq/

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iris m

02 Feb 2019

1. the banning of plastic straws in particular overlooks one of the most marginalised groups - disabled people. plastic straws are a life saving tool for many people. the eradication of plastic straws from public spaces makes it even harder for someone who needs them to have the security to leave their homes. leading to further isolation and detrimental effects to mental health and wellbeing.
when we don't take the time to consider needs of the disabled community we effectively say we don't see or care about them or want to.

2. pushing environmental policy at a consumer level pushes individual guilt. instead a systematic overhaul is required where the largest corporations (not just consumer facing like supermarkets and fast food) need the most regulations.
single use plastics make up a minuscule portion of ocean plastics, the majority of ocean trash is discarded fishing nets and fishing equipment. i would rather see more regulation around commercial fishing in particular, as well as all large commercial operations.

3. in the feedback so far i see many suggestions for materials to replace the plastic with, while still being able to have disposable single use packaging. i feel this is naive as many only consider the backend of waste as it pertains to our individual actions (do i contribute to landfill, or recycle, or home compost etc), but do not consider the environmental impacts of creating any kind of single use product, especially paper ones.

l Muller > iris m

03 Feb 2019

The single use plastic straws are too flimsy for many people, disabled included. There are much better ones, which are wider and stronger, and easily washable.
Care facilities used to use these, and I presume they still do.

In the discussion paper about single use plastics, the figures are that 80% of marine litter is from land based sources. We need all retail outlets to drastically reduce plastic packaging. The success of the container deposit scheme proves that regulation is the best way to achieve this.

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Green Industries SA > iris m

07 Feb 2019

Thanks for your comments Iris. We addressed the question of disabled people and use of straws previously, but will reiterate here: we really appreciate you making this particular point. It’s exactly this kind of nuance that these consultations seek to discover, so that any policy decisions take into account all kinds of circumstances. We recognise that many people with disabilities rely on straws to eat and drink, and while there are alternative straws on the market, cost and availability are an important consideration. The needs of people with disabilities who depend on straws will be taken into account when determining the best approach.

The waste hierarchy prefers ‘avoid’ over all other elements, so ideally the first consideration should be how to use less single-use anything. With respect to packaging (which is not addressed as part of this investigation), packaging plays a role in protecting goods from breakage or spoiling during transit, so there are the material and energy impacts of that to take into account.

Individuals can only do what available systems enable them to do, whether that’s recycling or composting or minimising plastic waste, and therefore an approach to influence systems that set those parameters is needed, which is one of the aims of this consultation.

If you have not done so already, you might like to contribute your thoughts to the EPA’s call for feedback on Container Deposit Legislation: https://yoursay.sa.gov.au/decisions/container-deposit-scheme/about

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Barbara Harrison

02 Feb 2019

I would like to suggest that the SA govt absolutely insist that the supermarkets and fast food service embrace a plastic free mindset.

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Green Industries SA > Barbara Harrison

07 Feb 2019

Thanks Barbara – the message about people’s concern with plastic packaging in supermarkets and food outlets has come through loud and clear from the response to this consultation.

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Kerry Manthorpe

02 Feb 2019

SA is perfect to set up a Multi Billion Dollar Industrial Hemp industry (NOT Marijuana) that produces NON-TOXIC bioplastics, packaging, food, medicine, cosmetics, diesel fuel, paints, detergents, inks, oil, textiles, biofuel, building materials, insulation, clothing, paper, rope, livestock feed, etc.
This would not only produce biodegradable products to replace single use plastics I SA, but also create Multi Billion Dollar production and manufacturing industries, lowering unemployment and creating an economic buffer during years of failure in our Fishing, Agriculture and Tourism industries.

Darrell O'Brien > Kerry Manthorpe

07 Feb 2019

Why not use wheat straw or trees for your idea?

Kerry Manthorpe > Kerry Manthorpe

07 Feb 2019

Hi Darrell
Hemp is a 60-90 day maturing crop whereas wheat is 6 months and trees take years to mature.
Hemp regenerates degraded soil while wheat crops need large amounts of fertilizer and degrade the soil.
Hemp is twice as strong as wood fibre and many times stronger than other plant fibres.
Hemp can be produced with no pesticides or herbicides.

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Green Industries SA > Kerry Manthorpe

07 Feb 2019

Thank you Kerry. If you aren't already aware, you might like to check out what Primary Industries SA are doing, as they are currently undertaking trials in this area http://pir.sa.gov.au/primary_industry/industrial_hemp

Darrell O'Brien > Kerry Manthorpe

07 Feb 2019

The point is not related to single use plastic products and you wish to grow HEMP when recyclable products are already being made from wood and straw.

The problem with these wood or straw products is they are not waterproof without a coating or mixture or combination of non recyclable products.

Darrell O'Brien > Kerry Manthorpe

08 Feb 2019

Why don't we reinvent the wheel. The chinese first produced paper by crushing bamboo and mixing it with water and then drying. The bamboo is capable of growing 6 ft in 24 hours and could be recycled. Tropical Island inhabitants have used palm leaves to make baskets to carry produce. these are recyclable and biodegradable.

Nothing to do with single use plastic.

Kerry Manthorpe > Kerry Manthorpe

08 Feb 2019

I am all for products made from any sustainable plant fibre, but as we obviously don't live in China or on a tropical island hemp is better suited to SA growing conditions than bamboo.
Utilising hemp cellulose, Zeoform is 100% non-toxic, biodegradable and compostable. It can produce commercial and industrial grade materials ranging from Styrofoam, to soft or hard bioplastic materials. It is produced by an Australian company which is one of hundreds of companies manufacturing thousands of Hemp products capable of REPLACING SINGLE USE PLASTICS.
Hemp bioplastics would go a long way in mitigating the pollution associated with single use plastic while boosting South Australia's economy & increasing employment.

Darrell O'Brien > Kerry Manthorpe

11 Feb 2019

I do not know how they got a patent for cellulose which was available in 1950s and is very flammable if it is in a fire.

Kerry Manthorpe > Kerry Manthorpe

12 Feb 2019

Im pretty sure plant cellulose has been used for thousands of years so you'd have to check if God has the patent on that one.
Plastic is very flammable too & exudes high quantities of carcinogenic toxins when burnt.
Depending on the processing of Hemp it can be extremely fire resistant as you can see by the demo: https://youtu.be/zDzlGBAc658

Darrell O'Brien > Kerry Manthorpe

12 Feb 2019

Why can't the fire resistant additives be included with Bamboo wood and any plant material. A patent lasts about 20 years. If you would like to check Bamboo is grown in South Australia to feed the PANDAS.

Darrell O'Brien > Kerry Manthorpe

12 Feb 2019

What has hempcrete got to do with single use plastics

Kerry Manthorpe > Kerry Manthorpe

12 Feb 2019

Not sure what your comment on cellulose being flammable or feeding PANDAS bamboo ...has to do with single use plastic either?

So we can just agree to disagree on my point that biodegradable, recyclable, sustainable hemp products are economically & environmentally suitable to replace single use plastics.
Cheers

Darrell O'Brien > Kerry Manthorpe

13 Feb 2019

Cellophane produced from cellulose was used as a clear film in 1930 t0 1950's ad is biodegradable but not recyclable and now not economical as it is dearer to produce than plastic although some florists still use it.
As for Hemp being economical considering the volume of one tonne of hemp to one tonne of wood, wood would be more economical,
As per my comments about bamboo you stated that it South Australia is not suitable for growing bamboo.
As for flammability the cellulose product I was referring to is cellophane made from cellulose and i would rate the flammability I would rate as extreme but I do not know if the official rating would be extreme as it would self ignite around 40 degrees celsius.
Life revolves around cost and plastic has been proven to be the cheapest to manufacture and to recycle and reclaim has proven to be very difficult.

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Jarred Walker

02 Feb 2019

If the government were able to implement cardboard or wood single use utensils, other states would follow in our footsteps. It’s all about repetition in our daily life’s to help change and benefit the world we live in.
For small business plastic is a cheaper alternative, although if plastic were to be removed completely, the cost of biodegradable utensils should become more cost effective. If not, our government should help businesses with their financial issues.

Darrell O'Brien > Jarred Walker

07 Feb 2019

The government gets money from public.
For your idea to work taxes would need to rise

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Green Industries SA > Jarred Walker

07 Feb 2019

Thank you Jarred, yes it is a matter of finding the most convenient, cost effective and environmentally responsible solutions. Biodegradable products may become more cost effective if the scale of buying is on par with the current level of procurement of single use plastic products.

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Toby Peterson

31 Jan 2019

We had part of the solution the solution in the past. Paper bags in supermarkets and other shops.
Legislate to bring them back.

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Green Industries SA > Toby Peterson

07 Feb 2019

Thanks for your comment Toby. If we are to decrease our use of plastic, it makes sense to look to a time when we weren’t using it. The way we shop has changed a lot since then, so we need to take that into consideration too.

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Sean Chivers

29 Jan 2019

I'd like shops to be able to provide paper bags and compostible bags. I'd be happy to pay a surcharge to cover higher cost for such items. Savvy shoppers will take their own bags, so a charge would be infrequent for most sensible people. Shop owners may want to protect themselves from damages should bags of this kind be less strong and may burst open. I'd like the govt to assist in this concern by providing a warning mechanism to consumers, so shop owners take it up. Also have reusable compostible bags around than non compostible. I've been using compostible dog poo bags for two years now and I like that I can throw them into the green waste bin. No more guilt either. (3 bags a day is a lot of guilt).

Government Agency

Green Industries SA > Sean Chivers

29 Jan 2019

Thanks Sean. South Australia has already gone through a process of banning the single use lightweight checkout bag, so there is both a legal and a cultural precedent in this state for such a change. Three bags a day - you must have a big dog, or one small one that likes to go on a lot of walks :)

Darrell O'Brien > Sean Chivers

07 Feb 2019

Why do you say you are prepared to pay extra for paper bags and 90% of people shop at the store that has a product at the cheapest price..

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